Biofuel from microalgae receives attention because it reduces CO2 emissions and does not use resources required for food production. A Japanese team revealed the whole genome sequence (WGS) of a marine diatom, Fistulifera solaris JPCC DA0580, which had been screened from their culture collection of microalgae (Tanaka et al., Plant Cell, 2015) as highly capable of oil accumulation. They said de novo assembly of this genome is so tough because it is alloploid, which means it has a very complex genome structure.
Finally, they could annotate about 20,000 genes on 42 chromosome pairs. They also identified a lot of genes which concern oil synthesis and, furthermore, they also analyzed activation patterns of these target genes.
I am sure this study will be a model case to highlight how NGS technologies can accelerate bioengineering!