Whose Genome Has Been Sequenced? Cicer Arietinum
With this new bi-weekly series we would like to highlight some if not all genomes that have been sequenced in the last 6 to 12 months. And at this point of time I am still uncertain if the diversity of organisms and species will be the “eye-opener” or the different technologies and strategies that have been used…
We started this series off in January where we reported about the de novo sequencing of the domestic goat Capra hircus.
Today I would like to report about a plant genome, the Cicer arietinum:
According to the GenomeWeb article this de novo genome sequencing approach is only the 3rd one for crop legume plants. For me that is kind of astonishing since breeding and optimisation of crop is already done since years. Maybe this is due to the huge genomes of plants that outperform animal genomes by far. For our chickpea plant with 740 million base pairs we talk about a medium size plant genome. But let’s focus on the sequencing approach for now (Varshney et. al):
What was sequenced?
De novo sequencing of one reference chickpea plant and re-sequencing of 90 cultivated & wild chickpea lines from 10 different countries
- De novo genome sequencing on HiSeq 2000 (paired-end module) of 1 genome with 11 shotgun and mate-pair libraries (insert sizes: ~ 170; 500; 800; 2,000; 5,000; 10,000; 20,000 bp) and BAC end sequencing
Data output: 153.01 Gb; after filtering & correction steps only 87.65 Gb data were used for de novo assembly
- Re-sequencing of genomes
- Whole genome re-sequencing on 29 varieties using Illumina 100 bp paired-end sequencing on HiSeq 2000
- RAD-sequencing of 61 genotypes on HiSeq 2000 (48x ApeKI; 24x HindIII)
According to D. Cook “the sequencing of the chickpea provides genetic information that will help plant breeders develop highly productive chickpea varieties that can better tolerate drought and resist disease — traits that are particularly important in light of the threat of global climate change”. (Davis Enterprise).
Read the complete publication here.