Hybrid De Novo Genome Assemblies
What are your intentions when being interested in a bacterial or fungal de novo genome sequencing project?
Typical answers we get from our customers:
- Easy working with the data
- Data suitable for high quality annotation
- Resolution of structural rearrangements
- High consensus accuracy
- High cost-efficiency
All these requirements can be fulfilled perfectly when combining Roche GS FLX++ and Illumina data. The long Roche FLX++ reads of up to 1100 bp give much longer contigs than Illumina reads only do. For scaffolding and to be able to resolve structural rearrangements we sequence shotgun (SG) and LJD libraries with Illumina technology. The adding of Illumina reads keeps the overall costs at a reasonable level. Furthermore the reads correct the Roche sequencing errors at homopolymer sites and therefore enable us to build a consensus sequence with high accuracy.
The superiority of such a hybrid assembly becomes quickly apparent when looking at the following results of one of our proof of concept studies. In this de novo project, we sequenced a fungal genome of about 30 Mbp and approx. 57% GC content. Using the hybrid strategy we obtained only 10 chromosome-sized scaffolds (see figure below) with up to 8.3 Mbp. Remarkably, the 10 scaffolds represent the majority of genetic information present, given that they make up 99.6% of all scaffold sequence information.
Such results enable easy data handling and definitely are an excellent starting point for annotation and studying of gene content and rearrangements.